Studying From the Feynman Method | by Evernote | Taking Word

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They referred to as Feynman the “Nice Explainer.”

Richard Feynman (1918–1988), an writer, graphic novel hero, mental, thinker, physicist, and No Atypical Genius is taken into account to be some of the necessary physicists of all time.

  • He pioneered a whole discipline: quantum electrodynamics (QED).
  • Within the Forties, his invention of the Feynman Diagram helped deliver much-needed visible clarification to the enigmatic habits of subatomic particles.
  • His work serving to scientists perceive the interplay of sunshine and matter earned him a share of a Nobel Prize in 1965.
  • His work has straight influenced the fields of nanotechnology, quantum computing, and particle physics.
  • In 1986, his analysis and explanations have been essential in serving to to grasp the reason for the area shuttle Challenger catastrophe.

Along with his groundbreaking analysis, Feynman was sensible, eloquent, and an exquisitely passionate thinker. On the planet of science, he stands unequivocally for his means to synthesize and clarify advanced scientific data. His lectures are the stuff of legend — Albert Einstein attended Feynman’s first speak as a graduate scholar, and Invoice Gates was so impressed by his pedagogy that he referred to as Feynman, “the best instructor I by no means had.” Gates bought the rights to his lectures and made them publicly accessible on a video portal nicknamed “Tuva” in honor of Feynman’s well-known failed quest to achieve the Russian area later in his life.

“I do assume that making science cool to individuals after they’re younger and due to this fact getting extra individuals to enter it in an in-depth approach, I believe that’s crucial proper now,” Gates mentioned, when announcingthe buy.

Feynman’s lectures, a lot of which have been delivered throughout his time at California Institute of Expertise, have been geared toward college students who had no earlier data of particle physics or deep science. Taking the thriller out of advanced scientific ideas was Feynman’s forte. His lectures have been underscored by a conviction and keenness for science.

If Einstein created the ‘stunning equation,’ then Feynman introduced an unparalleled sense of magnificence and romanticism beforehand absent on the earth of scientific analysis. A overwhelming majority of Feynman’s life was as vividly eccentric and illustrious because the unpredictable actions of the atomic particles that outlined his life’s work. When he wasn’t within the throes of researching particle physics, he spent vital time dabbling within the arts, sketching, and even taking part in the bongo.

Have you ever ever had a coworker who used business-speak, or had a instructor clarify one thing with language that was obscure?

You’re not alone. The Feynman method for instructing and communication is a psychological mannequin (a breakdown of his private thought course of) to convey data utilizing concise ideas and easy language. This method is derived from Feynman’s finding out strategies when he was a scholar at Princeton.

At Princeton, Feynman began to report and join the issues he did know with these he didn’t. Ultimately, Feynman had a complete pocket book of topics that had been disassembled, translated, and recorded.

In James Gleick’s biography of Feynman, Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman, he recalled his topic’s method. “He opened a contemporary pocket book. On the title web page he wrote: NOTEBOOK OF THINGS I DON’T KNOW ABOUT. For the primary however not final time he reorganized his data. He labored for weeks at disassembling every department of physics, oiling the components, and placing them again collectively, wanting all of the whereas for the uncooked edges and inconsistencies. He tried to seek out the important kernels of every topic,” Gleick wrote.

You should utilize this mannequin to rapidly be taught new ideas, shore up data gaps you may have (referred to as focused studying), recall concepts you don’t wish to overlook, or to review extra effectively. Taking that idea additional, you should use this system to grapple with robust subject material, which is without doubt one of the nice boundaries to studying.

Feynman’s method can also be helpful for many who discover writing a problem. Feynman had an fascinating relationship with writing. As a substitute of committing his data to paper like many different scientific figures, he selected to make use of speech as the muse for a lot of of his revealed works. He dictated most of his books and memoirs, and his scientific papers have been transcribed from his lectures.

“In an effort to speak to one another, we’ve to have phrases, and that’s all proper. It’s a good suggestion to attempt to see the distinction, and it’s a good suggestion to know after we are instructing the instruments of science, resembling phrases, and after we are instructing science itself,” Feynman mentioned.

Feynman relied closely on verbal and spoken communication, and when he turned to his cartoonish diagrams of extremely scientific ideas, for instance, he may faucet into concepts with shapes, squiggly traces, and drawings. It stripped away clunky language and allowed the facility of verbal storytelling to take root.

Explaining the necessities of particle physics is extraordinarily troublesome. Earlier than Feynman’s diagrams that earned him a Nobel Prize, there wasn’t a transparent method to clarify their that means.

Attribution for Feynman diagram: By JabberWok on the English language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1601027

That is the first-ever revealed diagram by Feynman helped scientists monitor particle actions in illustrations and visible equations moderately than verbose explanations. What appeared virtually unbelievable on the time is now one of many biggest explanations of particle physics — the squiggly traces, diagrams, arrows, quarks, and cartoonish figures at the moment are the established nomenclature and visible story that college students, scientists, and readers will see after they study this discipline of science.

Basically, the Feynman Method is that this:

1. Determine the topic

Write down every part you recognize concerning the subject. Every time you run into new sources of data, add them to the notice.

2. Train it to a toddler

If you happen to can educate an idea to a toddler, you’re approach forward of the sport.

Begin with a clean notice and write the subject or topic you wish to educate. Then, under that subject, write every part you recognize about it. However, the trick is to put in writing it plainly and easily — so {that a} little one can perceive what you’re speaking about.

Doing this takes into consideration a couple of issues:

Talking in plain phrases: Kids don’t perceive jargon or a lexicon of dense vocabulary. Science is stuffed with advanced terminology, which is the rationale Feynman’s diagrams turned so worthwhile. His charts illustrated issues that different scientists delivered marathon lectures about.

Once we communicate with out jargon, it frees us from hiding behind data we don’t have. Huge phrases and fluffy “enterprise communicate” cripples us from attending to the purpose and passing data to others.

Brevity: The eye span of a kid requires you to ship ideas as in the event you have been pitching a enterprise concept throughout one quick elevator trip. You higher get the idea out earlier than these doorways open. Kids additionally don’t have the power — or psychological capability, to grasp something longer than that.

If you happen to had issue placing ideas into your notice, that exhibits you may have room to enhance. That is additionally the place the facility of creativity may help you attain new heights in studying.

For Feynman, a lot of the pleasure in science was on this first step — unraveling his ranges of understanding.

3. Determine your data gaps

That is the purpose the place the true studying occurs. What are you lacking? What don’t you recognize?

Highlighting data gaps will make it easier to whenever you gather and set up your notes right into a cohesive story (which is the following step.) Now you’ll be able to name upon your supply materials (lecture notes, concepts, and so on.) whenever you run into questions on how a lot you do learn about your subject.

If you happen to don’t know one thing, hit the books. Return to the supply materials and compile data that may make it easier to fill within the cracks.

4. Manage + simplify + Inform a narrative

Begin to inform your story. Piece collectively your notes and start to spin a story utilizing concise explanations. Convey essentially the most very important items of your data concerning the subject collectively.

Follow studying your story out loud. Faux to inform the story to a classroom of scholars. That approach, you’ll hear the place language stops being easy. Stumbles may point out incomplete ideas.

Use analogies and easy sentences to strengthen your understanding of the story.

This sentence, written by Feynman, encapsulates the facility of this system. What began as a query about our existence has been translated right into a single sentence that may be understood by a center college scholar.

“All issues are product of atoms — little particles that transfer round in perpetual movement, attracting one another when they’re slightly distance aside, however repelling upon being squeezed into each other.”

Mainly, Feynman says that if you recognize nothing about physics, essentially the most important scientific data to grasp is that every part is made up of atoms. In a single easy sentence, Feynman conveys the foundational existence of our universe. It’s a grasp class not only for scientists, however for writers of any stripe. Get to the speculation in as few phrases as attainable. Keep away from clunky, verbose language.

Feynman was a believer in a multi-disciplinary method to studying and located connections to his work in inventive shops like drawing and music. He by no means stopped asking questions — who, what, and why?

Einstein had his violin. Werner Heisenberg performed the piano. Richard Feynman had bongos. And a ardour for artwork. He was capable of eloquently talk, however he may additionally see the wonder in artwork, and the tales that artwork tells. It was as a lot a distraction as a lot because it was an never-ending supply of inspiration he may hook up with his work in particle physics.

“I needed very a lot to be taught to attract, for a purpose that I stored to myself: I needed to convey an emotion I’ve about the fantastic thing about the world. It’s troublesome to explain as a result of it’s an emotion. … It’s a sense of awe — of scientific awe — which I felt might be communicated via a drawing to somebody who had additionally had that emotion. I may remind him, for a second, of this sense concerning the glories of the universe.” — Feynman discussing the intersection of artwork and science.

The following time you stare at an empty pocket book web page, take into consideration turning that web page into a chance.

As Feynman illustrates in his psychological mannequin, studying is usually a lifelong pursuit. This method is designed that can assist you research for exams and be taught new topics, however it may be simply tailored to pursue deep work. Dedicating a pocket book to a spot the place your data can develop and evolve your concepts and supply inspiration to proceed following a path of ongoing studying essential to the basics of deeper, significant work.

At the moment, researchers are nonetheless parsing via Thomas Edison’s notebooks and are consistently studying about how he cataloged his concepts and improvements. For Feynman, after he was achieved cataloging his data along with his method, he had a complete report of his data that turned a pocket book he was extremely pleased with.

Armed with the Feynman method and Evernote, something is feasible. How may you employ this system in your work? Share your story within the feedback.

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