QWERTY (which is pronounced “quirtyThe word “) is used to define standard Western (or Latin-based) keyboards. if you your Pay attention to the keyboard, then the first six letters are also below the numbers QWERTY, so understand that you have a QWERTY keyboard.
You will get to see a QWERTY layout in almost all the keyboards that are used in the western hemisphere. While some countries use slightly modified versions, such as the Swedish keyboard, which includes the letters , , and , while the Spanish keyboard includes the letters and . But still in these keyboards you will get to see QWERTY characters in the upper-left corner.
The original QWERTY keyboard layout was developed about 150 years ago by Christopher Latham Sholes. It gained more popularity through the Sholes and Glidden typewriters, which were initially produced in 1867. Remington bought the rights to this typewriter and made some minor changes to them before mass-production as an updated version in 1974.
The main goal of a QWERTY layout is to make the most common keys easily accessible (that’s why you see Q in the corner). By keeping the vowels close together, it helps typewriters to avoid jamming them when they are typing fast.
At the same time, a major competitor of QWERTY keyboard appeared in the year 1932, when August Dvorak developed a new layout. His design placed all the vowels and the five most commonly used consonants in the middle row.
In this the goal was twofold:
1) Making the most common keys more accessible so that it is easier to type.
2) At the same time, in creating an alternating rhythm, that too between the left and right hands.
While the Dvorak keyboard was technically more efficient, even in the early 1900s, people did not show interest in learning the new keyboard layout. Due to which it happened that the QWERTY layout survived for more than one and a half shows years. You can see it in almost all places such as typewriters, desktop computers, laptops, and touchscreen devices that we still use today.
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